10 Tips: Why is CE certification required for export to EU countries?

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    1 European Union “CE Certification” 

    CE Certificate as one of the most frequently asked questions by buyers recently, today I will tell you what is CE certification.

    In the past, EU countries had different product standards for products sold or imported products in their own countries. In many cases, it was not recognized for products from one country to be sold in another country. In order to improve the trade between EU countries, CE came into being. Since then, the whole of Europe has been integrated, including free trade of commodities, customs union, market unification, currency unification, and political alliance.

    CE certification is a compulsory product safety certification implemented by EU countries. The purpose is to protect the life and property safety of people in EU countries. Most of the domestic e-commerce products export to the EU need to be marked with the CE mark. The CE mark is a “safety conformity mark” and “non-standard”. Quality mark”. It is the main requirement that constitutes the core of the European directives, so the CE mark is also regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market.

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    2 The role of CE certification 

    CE certification provides a unified standard for all commodities entering the European market and simplifies trade procedures. Affixing the CE mark on the product indicates that the product has passed the safety requirements stipulated by the EU directive; it is a promise of the company to consumers, which improves the consumer’s trust in the product. Affixing the CE certification mark can greatly reduce the risk of products being sold in Europe.

    3 Does all products export to EU require CE certification?  

    CE certification covers 80% of industrial and consumer products in the European market and 70% of EU imports. According to EU law, CE certification is a compulsory certification and is uniformly checked by the customs of EU countries (from non-EU countries to EU countries), so everyone defaults that CE certification is one of the customs clearance documents, forming a common practice. But not all products require CE certification. For example, on-road vehicles, chemicals, and food do not need to affix the CE mark. They are not within the scope of CE certification. Some products are within the scope of CE certification, but they are samples and exhibits and are not for sale. For trade, CE certification is not required.  

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    4 These products CE required

    Power supply: communication power supply, charger, display power supply, LCD power supply, UPS, etc.;

    Lamps and lanterns: chandeliers, track lights, garden lights, portable lights, downlights, string lights, table lamps, grille lights, aquarium lights, street lights, energy-saving lamps, T8 tubes, etc.;

    Home appliances: fans, electric kettles, stereos, televisions, mice, vacuum cleaners, etc.;

    Electronics: earplugs, routers, mobile phone batteries, laser pointers, vibrating sticks, etc.;

    Communication products: telephones, wired telephones and wireless main and auxiliary machines, fax machines, telephone answering machines, modems, data interface cards and other communication products;

    Wireless products: Bluetooth BT products, wireless keyboards, wireless mice, wireless readers, wireless transceivers, wireless microphones, remote controls, wireless network devices, wireless image transmission, other low-power wireless products, etc.;

    Wireless communication: 2G mobile phones, 3G mobile phones, 3.5G mobile phones, DECT mobile phones (1.8G, 1.9G frequency band), etc.;

    Machinery: Gasoline engine, electric welding machine, CNC drilling machine, tool grinder, lawn mower, washing equipment, bulldozer, elevator, punching machine, dishwasher, water treatment equipment, gasoline engine, woodworking machinery, rotary drilling rig, lawn mower , Snowplows, excavators, printing machines, printers, cutting machines, road rollers, trowels, brush cutters, hair straighteners, medical equipment and toys, etc.

    5 What is the impact of not applying for CE certification? 

    According to EU law, CE certification is a compulsory certification, so if the product is not CE certified, and rashly exported to the EU, it will be considered an illegal act. Not only products are most likely to fail the customs, be detained and confiscated, but also severe penalties such as high fines, withdrawal from the market and recycling of all products in use, and even notification to the entire European Union.

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    6 The risk of no CE certification 

    • The product was seized by relevant law enforcement agencies
    • Risks of random inspection by the Bureau of Industry and Commerce
    • Risk of being complained

    7 Advantages of CE certification

    • Allowing products to enter Europe can save more time and risk
    • Obtaining a CE certification from an organization designated by the European Union is equivalent to gaining the trust and support of consumers
    • It can be the most favorable basis for appeal when accused
    • Once it is punished by EU countries, the certification body will share the risk with the enterprise, thus reducing the risk of the enterprise.
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    8 Which countries need CE certification 

    First of all, the CE mark is applicable to all EU countries, currently the EU has 27 member states In addition to the 27 EU countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, In addition to Slovenia, Malta, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Romania), the European Free Trade Association EFTA member states Liechtenstein, Iceland and Norway have also cooperated with relevant legislative actions, so they must also affix the CE mark.

    It also includes a semi-EU country: Turkey. It is not accepted by the EU due to religious reasons, but it is determined to join the EU organization, so the CE marking is listed as a mandatory requirement for entry into Turkey. Many Eastern European countries want to join the European Free Trade Area and the European Union.In the future, these countries will follow CE regulations.

    9 For the charger to do ce certification, it is necessary to evaluate both emc and lvd tests.

    1. EMC (Electromagnetic Interference) can be divided into: Radiation: space radiation/power radiation/open field test; conduction; power supply harmonics; voltage flicker.
    2. LVD safety test: Electric field/magnetic field radiation emission; electric field/magnetic field radiation immunity; radio frequency emission/power harmonic conduction emission; radio frequency/electric fast pulse/surge conduction immunity; direct/induced electrostatic discharge; input (power or current); normal Temperature rise; mechanical test; constant temperature and humidity (moist state); anti-shock; abnormal test: motor blockage, blockage of air holes, abnormal temperature rise, etc.

    Safety inspection standard: EN 60950-1:2006+A11:2009+A1:2010+ A12:2011

    The EMC testing standards are as follows: EN 55022: 2010; EN 55024: 2010; EN 61000-3-2: 2006+A2:2009; EN 61000-3-3: 2008.

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    10 What aspects of the CE certification mainly test mobile phone chargers?

    Charger CE certification test items Components, power interface, markings and instructions, protection against electric shock and energy hazards, safety extra low voltage (SELV) circuits, current limiting circuits, restricted power supplies, grounding and link protection measures, primary circuit overcurrent protection and link failure protection, Electrical insulation, clearance/creepage distance and insulation penetration distance, wiring, connection with AC power supply, section connection of AC power supply, interconnection of equipment, stability, mechanical strength, structural details, protection of dangerous moving parts , Heating requirements, openings of the enclosure, fire protection, contact power protection conductor current, electrical strength, abnormal working and fault conditions, protection of communication network personnel from equipment hazards, communication network overvoltage protection, communication wiring system overheating protection, 0.15 -30MHz power supply terminal conducts disturbance voltage, 30-1000MHz radiated disturbance field strength, and harmonic current.

    The CE mark is a safety conformity mark rather than a quality conformity mark. It is regarded as a passport for manufacturers to open and enter the European market. All products affixed with the “CE” mark can be sold in the EU member states without meeting the requirements of each member state, thus realizing the scope of the product Free circulation.

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