What Are Certification Requirements For Custom Electronics Products?

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    Testing and certification cover a wide range, and each country has its own certification standards, which are suitable for quality assessment in various industries. Regardless of the industry, the electronic home appliances used will face different regulations on the quality and safety certification of electronic products in various countries and regions. The following is an example of common electronic product testing and certification related content that each country needs.

    • CCC product certification-China

    China Compulsory Product Certification was implemented on May 1, 2002. The name of the certification mark is “China Compulsory Certification, abbreviated as CCC, commonly known as 3C”. It is listed in the “China Compulsory Certification, abbreviated as CCC, and commonly known as 3C”. Compulsory testing and certification are implemented for the products in the first batch of products in the Catalogue of Compulsory Product Certification. All products listed in the catalog that have not been certified by the designated agency and have not labeled the certification mark in accordance with the regulations shall not be allowed to leave the factory, import, sell, or use in business and service places. 

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    • CE certification-Europe

    Products affixed with the CE mark indicate that they meet the requirements of a series of European directives such as safety, health, environmental protection and consumer protection. CE stands for European unification. CE is limited to the basic safety requirements for products that do not endanger the safety of humans, animals, and goods, rather than general quality requirements. Products that meet the relevant main requirements of relevant directives can be affixed with the CE mark. To be precise, the CE mark is a safety conformity mark rather than a quality conformity mark.

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    • GS certification-Germany

    GS certification is based on the German Product Safety Law (SGS), a voluntary certification for testing in accordance with the European Union’s unified standard EN or German industrial standard DIN, which is the German safety certification mark recognized in the European market. The GS mark indicates that the safety of the product has been tested by an independent organization with credibility. The difference from CE is that there is no legal requirement for the GS mark, but because its safety awareness has penetrated into ordinary consumers, an electrical appliance with the GS mark may be more competitive than ordinary products in the market.

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    • TUV certification-Germany 

    TÜV Rheinland Technical Supervision Company is the largest product safety and quality certification agency in Germany, and an inspection agency recognized by the German government. It is also an authoritative certification agency alongside FCC, CE, CSA and UL. All products sold to Germany are safe The use standard must be certified by TUV, so the TUV certification mark also appears on various IT products and household appliances like the above five marks.

    • EMC certification-Europe 

    The geomagnetic compatibility mark EMC Directive requires that the electromagnetic interference EMI generated by the basic body of all electrical products sold to Europe shall not exceed a certain standard, so as not to affect the normal operation of other products. At the same time, the electrical products themselves also have a certain anti-interference ability, so that the general It can be used normally under electromagnetic environment. The directive was officially enforced on January 1, 1996. It focuses on various electronic products, which is the pass for all electrical products sold to the European market. It will also be enforced in my country, which is of great significance for products to occupy the international market. .

    • RoHS certification-Europe

    RoHS certification is also called environmental certification, which is in line with European and American standards. It is the abbreviation of “Instruction of Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment” (Therestrictionoftheuseofcertainhazardoussubstancesinelectricalandelectronicequipment), which stipulates that electrical and electronic products contain lead Pb, cadmium Cd, mercury Hg, hexavalent chromium Cr6+, polybromine For harmful heavy metals such as diphenyl ether PBDE and polybrominated biphenyl PBB, newly added bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), butyl phthalate (BBP), and dibutyl phthalate (DBP), diisobutyl phthalate (DIBP) (abbreviated as phthalate 4P), become ten controlled substances. The limits of the ten controlled substances are 0.1% and 0.01%. The EU banned imports from July 1, 2006. The EU member states need to translate this directive into national regulations and implement them before December 31, 2016. And from July 22, 2019, all electronic and electrical products exported to Europe (except hospital equipment and monitoring equipment) must meet this restriction.

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    • CSA certification-North American market

    CSA is the abbreviation of Canadian Standards Association (Canadian Standards Association). It was established in 1919 and is Canada’s first non-profit organization dedicated to the development of industrial standards. Products such as electronics and electrical appliances sold in the North American market need to obtain safety certifications. At present, CSA is the largest safety certification body in Canada and one of the most famous safety certification bodies in the world. It can provide safety certification for all types of products in machinery, building materials, electrical appliances, computer equipment, office equipment, environmental protection, medical fire safety, sports and entertainment. CSA has provided certification services for thousands of manufacturers all over the world, and hundreds of millions of products with the CSA mark are sold in the North American market every year.

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    • ETL certification 

    ETL SEMKO provides product safety testing and certification, EMC testing, product performance testing. As long as any electrical, mechanical or electromechanical product bears the ETL inspection mark, it means that it has been tested and meets relevant industry standards. Among them, ETL certification is a kind of product safety certification. The content of the certification is basically the same as UL, that is, the cost is lower than UL and the cycle is shorter.

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    • FCC certification-United States 

    The FCC is the Federal Communications Commission of the United States. Because the FCC has specified a series of product quality and performance standards related to the electromagnetic compatibility of electronic equipment and the personal safety of operators, these standards have been widely used and have been technically supervised by many countries in the world. Recognition by the department or similar organization. Therefore, the electronic product technical manuals produced by various manufacturers are often printed with certifications issued by the FCC that comply with a certain standard, or declare compliance with a certain standard of the FCC. The FCC certification applied to electrical devices is mainly related to standards such as product electromagnetic compatibility and radiation limits.

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    • UL certification-United States 

    UL is the abbreviation of the English Underwriters’ Laboratory. UL was founded in 1894. The UL Safety Testing Institute is the most authoritative in the United States, and it is also a large private organization engaged in safety testing and appraisal in the world. It is an independent, non-profit, professional organization that conducts experiments for public safety. It uses scientific testing methods to study and determine whether various materials, devices, products, equipment, buildings, etc. are harmful to life and property and the degree of harm, to determine, compile and issue corresponding standards and help reduce and prevent lives. Data on property losses, while conducting fact-finding research business.

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    • MPR II certification

    MPR-II is formulated by the Swedish National Bureau of Measurement and Testing, mainly to implement standard restrictions on the degree of electromagnetic radiation of electronic equipment. At present, MPR-II is still one of the test standards commonly followed by the display industry. In 1990, the MPRII standard designed for ordinary working environments was re-established. A further detailed list of 21 display standards, including flicker, jitter, linearity, brightness, reflectance and font size, etc., puts forward maximum limits on ELF (ultra-low frequency) and VLF (very low frequency) radiation, and its purpose is to display The surrounding electromagnetic radiation is reduced to a reasonable level.

    • TCO certification-Sweden

    TCO is the display equipment certification standard formulated by SCPE (Swedish Professional Employees Union). This standard has become a worldwide standard. There are currently four standards TCO92, TCO95 and TCO99 and the latest TCO03. TCO03 is the latest version with stricter requirements. Companies that want to pass TCO03 certification must first pass ISO14001 and EMAS (Ecological Management and Audit Act) certification, and the company must sign a resource recovery contract. TCO03 requires the brightness of the CRT display to be no less than 120 lumens, and it also sets requirements for indicators such as color temperature, color, three primary color settings, and darkness. Therefore, currently the TCO03-certified display is the healthiest display currently.

    • SAA-Australia and New Zealand

     SAA certification is the Australian standards agency and is certified under the Standards Association of Australian, so many friends call the Australian certification SAA. SAA is a certification that electrical products entering the Australian market must comply with local safety regulations, that is, the industry often faces. Due to the mutual recognition agreement between Australia and New Zealand, all products certified by Australia can enter the New Zealand market smoothly. All electrical products have to do safety certification (SAA). There are two main types of SAA logos, one is formal approval and the other is standard logo. Formal certification is only responsible for samples, while standard marks are required for each factory inspection. At present, there are two ways to apply for SAA certification in China. One is to transfer the CB test report. If there is no CB test report, you can also apply directly. Under normal circumstances, the period for common products of IT AV lamps and small household appliances to apply for SAA certification in Australia is 3-4 weeks. If the product quality does not meet the standard, the date may be extended.

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    • EAC 

    Electronic products exported to Russia need to be certified by the Customs Union, that is, CU-TR certification, or EAC certification. The EAC mark that we often see on electronic products actually indicates that the product has passed the Customs Union certification. After being certified by the Customs Union, it can be sold in Russia, and it can also be sold in other member states of the Eurasian Economic Union such as Kazakhstan and Belarus. The technical regulations corresponding to the certification of the Electronic Products Customs Union are TR CU 004/2011.

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    • PCT certification-Russia 

    According to the Russian law, the commodities in the “List of Commodities Required to be Compulsory Certification for Entry into the Russian Federation Customs Territory” can only enter the Russian market if they have obtained the National Standards Compliance Certificate (GOST Qualification Certificate) issued by the Russian National Commission for Standards and Metrology. Obtaining the PCT standard certification is equivalent to obtaining a permit to enter Russia.

    • KC certification-Korea

    Electromagnetic compatibility testing and safety and safety testing in South Korea The Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE) of South Korea announced on August 25, 2008 that the National Standards Committee will implement a new unified national certification mark called “KC Mark” from July 2009 to December 2010. The new mark is called KC Mark, which stands for Korea Certification. The current 13 mandatory signs will eventually be unified under this new sign. One result of this initiative is to reduce the supplier’s expenditure on certification fees, making South Korea’s KC Mark gradually become a certification for the world’s brand. But there is a shortcoming. The KCC mark that has just been promulgated will only be implemented for a few years, and will eventually be unified under this new KC mark.

    • PSE certification-Japan

    PSE is a Japanese compulsory safety certification, which is used to prove that electrical and electronic products have passed the safety standard test of the Japanese Electrical Product Safety Law (DENAN Law) or the international IEC standard. The bill stipulates that 498 products must pass safety certification to enter the Japanese market. Among them, 165 types of A products should obtain the diamond-shaped PSE mark, and 333 types of B products should obtain the round PSE mark. The round PSE includes testing fee and certification fee, no factory inspection is required, the cost is relatively low, and the cycle is about 2-3 weeks. The diamond-shaped PSE has more factory inspection links. The diamond-shaped PSE certification fee includes testing fee, certification fee, and factory inspection fee. The cycle is 6-8 weeks. Products exported to foreign countries need to be certified by the importing country.

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    Each country has different certification systems and systems based on its own industry specifications. The application scope of some of the most common international certifications is introduced in detail.

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